The Greek word for wine. We find the same root in the words "wine"
in English, "wein"
in German, "vinum"
in Latin, "vin" in
French and "vino" in
Spanish. It is unknown, however, where the origin of the word comes
from, although in the Greek language the word dates back to the
Mycenean Period (1600-1100 BC).
Someone who has earned a degree in winemaking. Derived from the
Greek word for wine: "oenos".
A wine aficionado, literally in Greek: "wine
The term Cava is used for white and red Table Wines. The whites
should be aged at least 2 years in stainless steel tanks and bottle
combined or at least 1 year in barrel and bottle combined. The reds
should be aged at least 3 years, of which at least 6 months must
be in barrel, if it is new or 1 year if it is used.
The term Reserve is only used for wines with Appellation of Origin.
The white wines must be aged at least 2 years of which at least
6 months must be in barrel and 6 in bottle. The reds must be aged
at least 3 years of which at least 1 year must be in barrel and
1 year in bottle.
The term Grand Reserve can only be used for wines with Appellation
of Origin. The white wines must be aged at least 3 years, of which
1 year must be in barrel and 1 in bottle. The reds must be aged
at least 4 years of which 2 years must be in barrel and 2 in bottle.
Ktima means Estate in Greece. It is a term used either for AOC or
restricted Regional Wines. The wine should be made from grapes cultivated
in vineyards within the Estate and vinified by a winery within the
Wine made with grapes from mountainous vineyards. The term is restricted
to Appellation or Regional wines made with grapes cultivated at
altitudes over 500 meters.
Από Παλαιά Κλήματα]
A term used for wine produced from vines of original stock that
are at least 40 years old. Restricted to Appellation or Regional
[Από Νησιωτικούς Αμπελώνες]
A term used for Appellation or Regional Wines produced from vineyards
located in the islands.
A term used since Byzantine time for dessert wines produced, as
the name implies, on the island of Santorini. The grapes used must
be at least 51% Assyrtiko and the rest can be a combination of the
aromatic Athiri and Aidani grapes as well as other white grapes
typically grown on the island. The Vinsanto wines should be aged
at least 2 years in barrel.
The term Mezzo can only be used for wines made in Santorini since
it is a term traditionally used on the island of Santorini. The
wines are made in the same way as Vinsanto wines but are not as
A traditional term for Appellation wines that are produced on the
island of Santorini and contain a minimum alcoholic content of 13.5%.
This wine must also be barrel aged.
The term Liastos can only be used for Regional or Appellation Wines
that have been made from well ripened grapes that have been allowed
to dry in the sun or shade. The word comes from the Greek word helios
which means sun.
The Greek word for castle. This term can only be used on wine labels
for wines that come from Estates containing ruins of a historic
castle inside their boundaries.
This term can only be use for wines with Appellation of Controlled
Origin. It refers specifically to wines made from selected vineyards.
The Greek word for tower or chatêau. This term can only be
used by an Estate that includes a structure built in the same architectural
style as a chatêau or tower.